COTTON

Cotton is made from 100% natural cotton, so it is stronger than other conventional fabrics. Cotton has the outstanding advantage of being cool and comfortable with pure natural characteristics, so it is preferred by many consumers.

– Cotton harvest and classification: cotton after being harvested will be classified into many different groups, then eliminate the poor quality components to be dried out.

Refining cotton: After being dried, cotton fibers are torn and cleaned, the process of cotton leaching requires to ensure not to affect the fiber quality. After that, the cotton fiber is re-cooked and filtered several times to remove some impurities.

 – Spinning: Cotton fiber is dissolved with special solution and spun to form long and small cotton thread.

– Weaving: cotton fabric is a weaving between the weft and warp, the surface of the cloth will be polished and bleached to remove the natural color.

– Fabric dyeing: the fabric is dyed with many kinds of fabric dyes combined with other substances, washing is the final process to remove all impurities.

– Cotton fabric is soft, smooth and supple.

– The wrinkle of the fabric depends on each component of the fabric.

– The higher the percentage of cotton is, the less soft the fabric will be. It is possible to add other fibers in order to increase the softness and reduce wrinkles.

– 100% cotton is a kind of fabric that is purely original from cotton berries with good absorbency, ventilation and absolute safety. Pure cotton is durable, fragrant and is easy to wash.

– Cotton polyester is a synthetic fabric with a blend of cotton and polyester fibers. The higher the percentage of cotton is, the softer and more ventilating the poly cotton fabric is. Some common blending ratios are TC 35% cotton – 65% polyester, CVC 65% cotton – 35% polyester.

– In addition, cotton fabric is also applied a number of techniques to create many other fabric products such as digital printed, yarn dyed,…

– Cotton has quite good elasticity and great absorbency.

– Be able to reduce heat and cool the body.

– Not cause skin irritation when used and very friendly to the environment.

– The fabric is usually wrinkled after being washed.

– It is more suitable for male because of its hard surface.

– Expensive

Thanks to the outstanding advantages, cotton is used in the fashion industry to produce clothing items.

– Avoid using strong detergents will help remain the durability and color of the fabric

– Do not soak cotton cloth in soap for too long because it makes the color of fabric fade quickly, the patterns and textures printed on it are also susceptible to discoloration and peeling.

– Sort white clothes with dark clothes before washing to avoid fading on each other, which makes the product lose aesthetics.

– Hang the fabric to dry in a well-ventilated place, avoid strong sunlight to ensure durability and fabric does not shrink.

RAYON

Rayon fabric is made up of a semi-synthetic fiber manufactured with natural materials from pure cellulose, creating superior softness and durability. Rayon also has similar characteristics to other fabric materials.

– The cellulose material is ground up, dissolved with sodium hydroxide to form an alkaline cellulose solution and then the impurities are removed to achieve a 90% cellulose ratio.

– Alkaline cellulose is removed the excess and cut into many small pieces.

– Continue treating with carbon disulfide, then dissolve in sodium hydroxide and soak for several hours.

– The solution continues to be passed through the fiber extruder to create the fabric, the yarn is soaked in sulfuric acid solution, then dragged and washed.

– Then spun into yarns and woven into fabrics.

– Rayon fabric is very soft, cool and durable but not good at retaining body temperature, often used in wet climates.

– Rayon fabrics have the same comforting characteristics as fabrics of natural origin.

– Besides, there are some other rayon fabric products such as ayon twill, crepe, …

The price is not too high so rayon is an ideal choice for people who want the luxury with suitable price.

Rayon is very vetilating and easy to dye to create beautiful and vivid colors.

Can blend well with other materials, especially textile fibers.

– Easy to stretch, fade, and often unable to recover.

– The fabric is quite weak and weaker when wet.

– Absorb body oil, water and moisture, which can easily lead to mold moisture.

Many products are made from rayon fabric such as ski gear, casual clothes, shirts or jackets. Besides, the fabric is also used to create bed sheets, bedding and curtains.

– Rayon fabric is usually recommended for dry cleaning only.

– When the rayon fabric is wet, it should be washed with mild detergent and use cold water when washing because it is less durable than cotton.

– Read the label on rayon clothes before applying any washing technique.

– Do not hang rayon clothes to dry because it is easy to stretch and lose shape of the fabric, it is better to put clothes horizontally on a flat surface.

KHAKI

When it comes to khaki, this is a very common fabric used for sewing, khaki is made from cotton or wool yarn, firmly woven with many different types of weaving. There are also some khaki fabrics combined with synthetic fiber components such as polyester or visco to provide the wearer a comfortable and pleasant feeling. Khaki fabric is durable and beautiful to help enhance the level of the wearer.

– The fibers are selected and classified, then packed into bales of equal size and removed impurities to be included in the spinning process.

– With spinning stage, the fiber is tangled, sterilized, processed and form flat sheets. The yarns are then coarsely spun to increase length and strength, and continue to be wound in individual tubes. When finished, the yarns must go through warping.

– Khaki yarn is woven in a combination of warp and weft. Next, the fabric is cooked at high pressure and temperature in chemical solutions and additives to remove sludge and impurities. After that, the fabric is polished and whitened to take off the natural color to dye then.

– After each dyeing process, the fabric must be washed to remove any remaining impurities and chemicals.

– Khaki fabric has the fiber nature like flax and cotton but is firmly woven.

– Khaki fabric has many colors and designs, so it provides a variety of choices

– Clothes made from khaki fabric often have pleated seams with many large and small pockets and suitable for all ages.

– Khaki fabric is durable, less wrinkled and keeps color well.

– High ability to absorb sweat, cool, easy to clean and fast dry.

– Can be elastic or inelastic.

– Khaki fabric is not suitable for too sophisticated designs.

– The price is quite expensive.

– The fabric is widely used to produce daily clothes, backpacks, office clothes or workwear. Therefore, there are plentiful  kinds of customer for this fabric.

– Should wash products made from khaki by hand, not washing machines because the strong rotation of the machine will affect the fabric structure.

– Should wash the product with the left side, avoid rinsing strongly to not affect the quality of the fabric and it should not be washed with other common fabrics.

– Cleaning agents must be gentle, benign, not strong bleaching properties.

– Avoid direct sunlight on the fabric which can make the fabric discolored.

– For khaki clothes, use a tissue or clean cotton towel to avoid bacteria and dirt.

– Store in cool, dry place, absolutely avoid wet areas.

LINEN

Linen is made of materials from the base or stem of a flax. These fibers are usually quite sharp but are easily damaged during harvesting, so obtaining flax fibers requires advanced techniques and technologies. Because of its natural origin, linen fabric is very safe, firm, sleek and easy to feel when touch it.

– All leaves and seeds of the flax after harvest will be removed, the rest will be cleaned and soaked in a tank for bacteria to decompose pectin that links the flax fibers.

– After removing the bark, the flax will be compressed in rollers to crush and produce flax fibers.

– Then, use the comb to separate the short and long fibers, the linen fibers will be woven into fabric and then bleached and dyed.

– Linen fabric firmly sewn, so it is not stretched when used.

– Because it is produced from flax, the fabric is short and knitted. After a long time using, it will be ruffled and curdling.

– The original color of linen is light yellow or light brown, sometimes gray depending on the pigment of the trunk. If the lighting conditions are adequate, the linen fabric is a bit shiny and bright.

– Linen has natural gloss and good durability.

– An outstanding advantage of linen is absorbency and evaporation so it is suitable for summer days.

– Not cause allergies and friendly to the environment.

– Good heat resistance and unaffected by sunlight.

Due to the poor elasticity, there are wrinkles on the surface of the fabric.

– Linen is subject to poor friction due to short fibers so the fabric surface has a lot of fibers.

– Over a long period of time, it may be worn and lump.

Linen fabric is applied to a lot of things in life with a simple but sophisticated form and easy combination. Plain linen fabric is often used for making wallets or pillows in the form of thick waves or large weaving fibers. Linen is also use for making clothes, bed sheets, tablecloths, handmade toys, etc.

– Machine washable with light wash mode and cold water

– Limit ironing products because they are prone to breakage due to the low elasticity structure of flax fibers

– Linen fabric can be dried or ironed at low temperature while the fabric is still moist to help wrinkles disappear quickly.

– Should shake the fabric vigorously a few times when drying to keep the crease, dry in the shade, suitable for drying naturally by the wind.

SILK

Thanks to advanced weaving technologies and different proportions of blending, fabric researchers have come up with superior fabrics. In particular, silk is a very thin, smooth fabric produced by one type of silk yarn. This is a luxurious and noble material to enhance the owner’s level.

– Mature silkworms will be moved to an appropriate place to release silk and create cocoons.

– After moving to another place, silkworm starts to release silk thread to create cocoon . First release the silk thread to locate the cocoon nest. After that, silkworms go inside the cocoon and release silk. When all silk is released, silkworms still stay in cocoon and turned into pupae.

– After having the silk thread, the worker weaves into fabric, this process will determine the thickness or thinness of the silk. Afterwards, the fabric is dyed and printed.

– Silk thread has a triangular prism cross section with rounded corners. So the light can shine in at many different angles making the silk looks natural iridescent, which creates an important aesthetic beauty of this fabric.

– The surface of silk fabric is soft and smooth so it feels cool to touch.

– Silk is one of the strongest natural fibers, but when it is wet, the strength is greatly reduced.

– Silk fabric has many outstanding advantages with quite solid woven fabrics so optimal durability.

– The surface of the fabric is very smooth and goes beyond other materials, so it brings a high aesthetic value.

– In addition, silk fabric has the ability to retain extremely perfect heat should be quite suitable for use in the winter.

– High price

– Silk fabric is easily affected by insect bites and stain by sweat. Moreover, it is difficult to dye.

– Silk fabric preservation process requires complexity and meticulousness.

Silk costumes are extremely valuable and preferred on hot days. In addition, high value silk is used in interior decoration, bedding products, or handicraft items, …

– Washing silk products by hand is the best, do not rub vigorously, use mild soap, absolutely do not use bleach because it can damage the color of the fabric.

– For clothes with dark colors should be washed separately to avoid fading into other clothes.

– When ironing silk fabric, it is better to iron when the fabric still retains moisture, use steam iron and iron the left side of the product.

– Do not expose in a place where direct sunlight shines because the silk thread are brittle, dry, discolored and lose their natural luster.

CASHMERE

The cashmere fabric is derived from the fuzz of Kashmir goats living in the high mountains of the Himalayas with characteristics of being soft and ultra-light weight so suitable for all weather. Especially with the ability to keep warm compared to many common sweaters, by being well preserved, cashmere fabric retains its original color.

– Cashmere fibers are collected by combing the goat’s underbelly, the highest quality soft yarns are used to manufacture cashmere.

– After collection, raw cashmere is classified, fibers that do not meet quality standards will be discarded.

– The next stage is spinning, color grading and drying. The color of goat fur is usually white or black, but white is often preferred thanks to its superiority.

– Finally, weaving is the most important production stage.

– Cashmere fabrics are made from natural fibers so it is quite soft and smooth, which makes clothes feel skin-friendly because cashmere is one of the softest materials that brings goof feelings

– The cashmere fiber has a temperature-regulating feature that helps keep the body warm in cold weather. Moreover, there is also the characteristic of air conditioning so the body temperature will not change in all weather conditions.

– Cashmere is a super durable yarn because it keeps its shape for years. The yarn is solid, not stretched, shrink or fade if it is properly cared.

– When it comes to Cashmere, the softness is probably the top in all natural kinds of fur.

– Super light as high quality silk.

– Sweater made from cashmere is outstanding at keeping warm with a smooth surface and identical texture.

Fabric caring requires complexity

Extremely high price.

With these outstanding advantages, cashmere fabric is widely used in high fashion industry.

– Particularly for cashmere fabrics, it should not be washed with water or machine wash because cashmere goat fur is thin, so when there is water, the fur content is easier to be disintegrated. Dry washing or specialized laundry is more suitable.

– Cashmere clothes should be preserved by folding to store in the wardrobe, not hanging to remain the initial beauty.

DIGITAL PRINTING

Fabric products using digital printing technology with fast speed and high precision are made by extremely modern equipment and devices, so there are many outstanding advantages compared to conventional fabric printing technologies.

– Most of fabric products using digital printing technology produce finished products with diverse colors and clarity.

– Can print on all kinds of fabric with very high accuracy.

– High cost.

– There are many different types of fabric printing techniques and depending on what you want to achieve, each type of printing technique has some disadvantages that are not entirely the same.

– Neutral detergent should be used.

– Avoid exposure to the sun and do not use dryers with high temperatures.

– Store cloth in cool place, avoid damp places.